Sucre is a treasure of unparalleled beauty,
its green mountains, streams and sea
Sucre is a paradise in the spell
it’s my whole entire earth
a large spring garden
Sucre is my prettiest of my floor
where it extends the sky
in the waters of the beautiful blue sea.
Sucreño I Heart
my green and white flag is joy,
I am a lover of peace and harmony,
progress, justice and reason.
Sucre great fertility
their fields gives you wealth,
your crops and pastures
are national heritage
your crops and pastures
are national treasures.
Sucre is my prettiest of my floor
where it extends the sky
in the waters of the beautiful blue sea.
Sucre, glorious Mariscal,
this land is your memory monument,
you will look proudly from history,
our soil and carries your name.
Sucre, your people will
peace in your way of greatness
and we shall nobly a large national sample,
and we shall nobly
a large national sample.
Founded: August 18, 1966
Name / the founder (s): Law 47 of 1966, by which creates and organizes the department of Sucre, was sanctioned by the President of the Republic, Dr. Carlos Lleras Restrepo, his minister of government.
Sincelejo was the seat of aboriginal tribes, commanded by Chinchelejo cacique, who derived the name of the then population discovered by Alfonso Palomino. Other versions say that the city was founded on October 4, 1535 by the Spanish Francisco de Sincelejo. It was then called San Francisco de Asis in Sincelejo. The distinction call (Queen and Lady Savannah) and (cebuista Capital of Colombia), famous for having served as headquarters of the so-called Revolution of the Priests, was until 1980.
hosts one of the most popular traditional festivals in Colombia, which dates back to October 1845, when in honor of the patron of sincelejano village, St. Francis of Assisi, the first party in corraleja, which then was moved to January 20th, the day of Holy Name of Jesus was performed. Don Antonio de la Torre and Miranda commissioned by the Governor of Cartagena, Francisco Diaz Pimienta, gathered the inhabitants scattered throughout the region in order to give symmetry and order to the town to give the name (website) that was given to mid-century when he received category (Villa), belonging to the charge of Don Alonso Padilla in 1610. It was erected township in 1776 and provincial capital in 1897. In 1963 the second Assembly of Municipalities meeting in which reaffirmed Sucre accession by all delegates. Coprosucre made visits to some municipalities finding in all its inhabitants enthusiasm for the separatist cause and its full support. On July 28, 1966 in the Senate the draft law on the establishment of the Department of Sucre was discussed. On August 18, 1966 Act 47 of that year is approved in the Senate, through which it is created and organized by the Department of Sucre. Act 47 of 1966, by which it is created and organized the department of Sucre, was sanctioned by the President of the Republic, Dr. Carlos Lleras Restrepo, his Minister of Government ORIGIN OF NAME Sucre took its name in honor of Mariscal Sucre alluding to the words of Bolívar upon learning of his death, (they killed my heart).This expression was taken by the pioneers of this Department as symbolic as being situated between the Department of Córdoba and Bolívar which he was born.
Geography Physical Description:
Sucre department consists of five sub-regions that are: Subregion Morrosquillo This subregion is the area of tropical dry forest (bs-T), strong human intervention has favored the formation of anthropogenic savanna plains. In the municipality of San Onofre an enclave of (bms-T) tropical dry forest and lots of anthropogenic savannas hilly and mountain is located. Also are located in the coastal littoral mangrove ecosystems and coastal lagoons. The subregion has marked differences in climatic variables; annual rainfall in some cases are less than 900 mm, but can fall over 1,200 mm per year. The average monthly temperature is above 27 ° C. The dry season can last up to five months or more. The average relative humidity is 77%. Due to its condition coastal plain, plain maintains high groundwater levels that preserve the usable condition of pastures and favorable conditions for the maintenance of herd during the dry season. Subregion Sheets The dominant climate in the subregion is characteristic of the area tropical dry forest (bs-T), few relictus secondary vegetation;stubble and large areas of grasslands occur. By the strong human intervention in this environmental system, it is known as anthropogenic savannas, predominantly hilly landscape. Of the five subregions of the Department, is suffering more rigorously the long dry season, leading to the practice of transhumance of cattle and horses to Mojana and San Jorge subregions. The annual average temperature is around 27.5 ° C; Average annual precipitation ranges from 1,200 mm los1.000 and relative humidity averages 80%. In this subregion physiographic factors, soil, wind and degenerative human actions the natural environment (removal of tree cover and soil degradation) produce aridity, predominantly seasonal drought and deciduous trees. Subregion Montes de María Montes de María subregion corresponds to the area of tropical dry forest (bs-T). The action of the trade winds in the dry season influences the regulation of temperature, relative humidity and precipitation. Its characteristic landscape is mountainous. The annual average temperature is 27.5 ° C; precipitation varies from 1,300 mm los1.000 and year; the relative humidity is 77%; the phenomenon of fog is common occurrence in slope forests during the early hours of the morning and evening. The rainfall pattern is bimodal, the short rainy season in the first half, followed by a brief dry period in the months of June and July, in the region known as the “Indian summer Juan”. In the second half of the year as much rainfall occurs. San Jorge subregion The subregion has tropical life zones / bh-T) moist forest, tropical dry forest (bs-T), tropical dry forest (bms-T) and natural savannas. Rainforests corresponds to wetlands (sewers, rivers and marshes), the behavior of the climatic variables closely related to those of the Mojana Subregion. The annual average rainfall is 2,300 mm; the monthly average temperature is 28º C and has 85% relative humidity. The dry tropical forest makes relation to anthropogenic savannas within the boundaries of the municipalities of San Marcos and La Union department of Córdoba. The climatic variables correlate with which dominate the Sheets subregion. Very dry tropical forest represents extensions of land with acid soils, presence of gravel and low fertility. The vegetation thickets American Curatella (Peralejo) and Birsonima crassifolia (shea).Climate behavior approximates the conditions prevailing in the subregion Sheets.However, soil and sparse vegetation cover conditions create unique conditions that allow forming enclaves of tropical dry forest. The natural grasslands are located on flat land extensions not flood the right bank of the St. George River in San Benito Abad sense – San Marcos. Grasslands are usually discovered with the presence of Scheelea magdalenica (Palma de Vino), open woods of Nanche (shea) and Tetracera sp (Martín Moreno). For environmental system mean annual precipitation exceeds 1,300 mm, the monthly average temperature is 28 ° C and the relative humidity is 80%. Subregion Mojana Based on key climatic variables, Mojana is classified into the living area moist tropical forest (bh-T). According to the RAMSAR Convention (1971), most of its territory corresponds to wetlands that are shaped by a complex of creeks, rivers, marshes and zapales, which are part of the buffer zone known as depression Momposina ecosystems, which regulates Avenue Magdalena, Cauca and San Jorge rivers. The annual average rainfall is 2,800 mm; the monthly average temperature is 28 ° C; the average relative humidity is 85% and altitude above sea level does not exceed 30 meters. Land use and soil vocation of agriculture, livestock and forestry purposes: Agricultural: They consist of classes II, III, and IV, comprising 51% of the total area of the Department, represented in 560,546 hectares; of which 60% are located within ecological formations montane dry forest and tropical dry forest that for any tech farm, necessitate irrigation and requires the application of complete fertilizers. The remaining 40% of land with agricultural potential is located south of the Department, on the plains of the rivers San Jorge and Cauca, belonging to the ecological formations tropical moist montane rainforest with higher rainfall, summer or ó¡¡épocas shorter dry, high water table and therefore less irrigation requirements. Livestock: It is composed of classes V and VI soils and amounts to 325,292 acres of pasture. These soils require sound agronomic management practices, proper use of pastures and establishment of preventive measures against erosion caused rainwater, logging, wind and animal trampling. On the territory of the department of Sucre can distinguish four major physiographic units. To the west, the coastal strip, which in the northern sector is gently undulating and flat with several coastal accidents like the Commissioner, Chinchimán, La Salina, Los Muertos, Stone, Rincon, San Bernardo Seca and tips; in the neighboring end Bolívar department coast is covered with mangroves. The second unit comprises the mountains of San Jacinto, which is an extension of the Serrania de San Jerónimo; between Sucre and Bolivar is also known by the name of Montes de María; heights ranging between 200 and 500 meters above sea level; stand Peñalta blades and Campana, Mounds Floral, La Mojana, Pozo Dark, The Eye and The Coco;the third unit, flat and undulating relief is known as the Savannas of Sucre; the fourth is the depression formed by the lower San Jorge and lower Cauca, in the latter region called La Mojana, watered down the drain or arm of the same name is included. All physiographic unit is part of the Momposina depression.
Limits of the municipality:
Bordered on the north and east by the department of Bolivar south with the departments of Bolívar, Antioquia and Cordoba and the west with the department of Córdoba and the Caribbean Sea.
Total length: Extension of Sucre is 10,670 km2, representing an area of 0.9% of the total area of the Republic of Colombia and 8.5% in the Caribbean region. Km2
Extension urban area: 10,280.55 km2
Extension rural area: 70.11 km2
Altitude of the municipal head (meters above sea level): 213 m
Average Temperature: The climate is warm, with average temperatures between 27 ° C and 30 ° C
Reference distance: Sucre department located in the north of the country, in the region of the plain of the Caribbean; located between 10º08’03 “and 08º16’46” N, longitude and 74º32’35 “length.
Maps Access the maps section
THE weather is warm, with average temperatures between 27ºC and 30aC, tempered by northeast trade winds and sea breezes; the relative humidity is around 85% and the rains are distributed during two periods, alternating with dry periods; precipitation increases from east to west; Thus, in the coastal strip may be less than 1,000 mm and the Lower San Jorge and lower Cauca, exceed 3.mm. Their lands are included in the warm thermal floor. For the topographical conditions of the Department, its high water wealth two types of flooding the long gestation generated by Cauca and San Jorge rivers in the municipalities of Guaranda, Majagual, Sucre, San Marcos, and San Benito Abad Caimito and all are presented the wetland complex of San Jorge. Or sudden flash floods are caused by the overflow of big rivers like: The Arroyo Grande, Arroyo Pichilín, Mancomoján, The Pintao among others according to the statistics. According to the classification of threats risk identification Department minor flooding of small run-succeeded by torrential downpours in the Municipalities of Sincelejo, Sampués, Corozal, Morroa, San Pedro, Sincé, Toluviejo and sheep are also presented.
The main economic activities of the department of Sucre revolves around livestock, agriculture, commerce and other services. For the excellent quality of its cattle high selection, Sincelejo has been called the “Capital Cebuísta of Colombia”; has a magnificent breed, raise and fatten animals excellent conditions for consumption in regional markets and dairy on a smaller scale. Globally, tourism is one of the most important and dynamic economic sectors, because through it sources of employment, foreign exchange earnings are generated and widely contributes to regional development. The Colombian Caribbean region has been considered quintessential tourist hotspot, given the variety of attractions, resources and track record. The department of Sucre has not reached the desired levels comparable competitive with other cities in the Caribbean region and the country, but has great potential that has not been exploited in their diversity (cultural, religious, adventure, hiking, ecotourism, agrotourism, ethno, contemporary achievements and scheduled events) and that has always focused exclusively on tourism of sun and sand; what could well generate the composition of micro cluster. The deficiency in utility infrastructure does not allow providing an adequate supply of tourist services, which generates inequality and lack of competitiveness with other locations with similar to ours. Admittedly the strength of having the Culinary School of Tourism and SENA in the Gulf of Morrosquillo, which has allowed the formation of human talent to benefit the sector. In order to make tourism department of Sucre, a profitable activity, it is necessary to promote the sector considering the ways in which (acuaturismo, ecotourism, agrotourism, ectnoturismo, craft centers, seas, rivers, streams are counted , streams, swamps, caves, vegetation and fauna) that characterize the territory of our Department. In this sense it is necessary to build, based on the comparative advantages of the Department, the creation of tourist and craft routes, allowing service chaining (micro cluster). For tourist offering high quality products. The department of Sucre is characterized as one of the leading producers of handicrafts in the country, especially the subsectors of the arrow shaft, hammocks, baskets in palm iraca, products made from gourds, wood items, which allow them to socially integrated community, to achieve welfare and improvement of their living conditions, in the case of the arrow sugarcane fiber with which the famous vueltiao hat, heritage and today’s Zenú national symbol, along with such fiber is manufactured are made other utilitarian items such as belts, handbags, footwear, individual, carpet, cushions, bracelets, among others; Sampués being the municipalities of San Antonio de Palmito and Sincelejo main producers. On the other hand, cotton yarn fabrics for the manufacture of the famous hammocks and other utilitarian items like, tablecloths, bedspreads, individual, belts, handbags, footwear, among others, which are produced in the municipalities of Morroa, Corozal (Don Alonso) Sampués (Santa Inés de Palito and San Luis). Basketry in iraca palm and banana know is characterized by the quality of its products, allowing its position at regional and national level, with the municipalities of Colosó and Sincelejo its biggest producers. As for the production of handicrafts in totumo, highlights the municipalities of Galeras, Los Palmitos and wood Sincelejo, Sampués, Tolu, San Pedro and San Onofre. It is worth noting the support provided by Colombia Crafts for structuring productive mini hammock and arrow cane, support and advice he has given to the sector in the Department. Despite the achievements, the sector is fragile mainly due to difficulties in marketing the products, which often are exploited by middlemen. In the case of productive stereo arrow cane, one of the weakest links is the supply of raw material, like the hammock, whose price and timely delivery on orders dependent on a single supplier which generates disorders production.
The department of Sucre has 8 airfields, three Aereocivil property, one of the ARC -Ministry Defense and the rest belonging to companies and private companies.Aerodrome belonging to the Aerocivil are located in the municipalities of Corozal (The Witches), San Marcos and Tolu, being the largest influx of passengers, corozal. The airfield Las Brujas, from February 28, 2008 was concessioned. These airfields are deficient in the following respects: unsuitable for landing large aircraft passenger and cargo, lack of cargo terminal to streamline the national and international trade and lack of logistics to provide better service tracks integrated users.
The road network consists of primary, secondary and tertiary network, which has a length of 1,832 kms, distributed by subregion, as follows: -. Vial Distribution by Primary Order: 227.2 High: 531.8 Tertiary: 1.073.1 – Status Red Road Pavement 250.8 836.2 Kms Kms Earth Affirmed 745.1 kms. Most of the road network in the department of Sucre is unpaved and earth with 86.3% and only 13.7% are in pavement (rigid and flexible). – Road Department and its distribution status subregions The highest concentration of kilometers of roads that have subregions: Sheets (33.78%), San Jorge (21.79%) and Morrosquillo (19.63%), since most of the network primary and secondary road is located in these subregions, finding fewer kilometers of track the Mojana (9.1%) and Montes de Maria (15.66%) subregions, which explains the social and economic backwardness in these subregions.
For seven or eight months of the year passenger and cargo subregions of San Jorge and La Mojana is mainly by waterways through the Cauca and San Jorge rivers and numerous streams and marshes, since in season carreteables winter roads are inaccessible. The department has a length of 13 kilometers on the Cauca River, between the municipalities of Achi and Guaranda. The San Jorge River flows into the Brazo de Loba (Magdalena River) in Bolivar and Sucre Department comes about after the first 25 kilometers long and crosses the municipalities of Caimito and San Marcos, among others. Maritime transport is carried out through the Gulf of Morrosquillo where there is consists of two port companies, one called Port Society Morrosquillo Gulf through which cement and clinker exports and the other Central Port Authority SA pipeline infrastructure, Ocensa, where crude oil is exported. Then there are the springs of Mobil by which they receive from Cartagena refineries, gasoline and diesel to distribute in the departments of Córdoba and Sucre, and the old pier Esso Colombiana Ltda., Whose concession has requested Ocensa. There is also the Fishing Pier Empresa Colombiana de Tolu, Pestolú, which sells fish products.
The Shield Sucre Department has two rectangles; one upper and one lower. The top leads left half body of a zebu beef, Sincelejo being considered at that time, cebuista capital of Colombia, and right horn of plenty, citing the wealth of the Sucre fields.
The bottom rectangle represents the seas that wash the shores of the department (According to Decree 376 of July 2, 1974).
Sucre Flag consists of two bands of equal size; green on top, symbolizing prosperity and one white on the bottom, symbol of peace (According to Decree 376 of July 2, 1974).